Multi-stakeholder processes (MSPs) are becoming a more common approach to solving problems – particularly in international development circles. The approach is described as follows:

“Complex problems require innovative solutions.  Innovative solutions are created when diverse stakeholders are able to meet, share experiences, learn together and contribute to decisions. Ultimate success lies in developing the collective commitment and capacity to turn ideas and plans into action.”  See MSP Resource Portal,

As this approach requires change, it must be accompanied by actions that stimulate change: “Sustainable development requires questioning and changing deeply embedded social institutions related to how we govern ourselves nationally and globally, the way markets work, the attitudes we hold and the way we use and integrate scientific understanding into political decision making. Bringing about such change and innovation is not something governments can do on their own.”